The UN Migration Agency (IOM), established in 1951, is the principal intergovernmental organization in the field of migration. It currently has 163 Member States.
IOM's work is to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration; promote international cooperation on migration issues; help find practical solutions to migration problems; and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, be they refugees, displaced or uprooted people.
In 1983, IOM began operations in El Salvador and has since worked closely with the Salvadoran government on implementing socio-economic development programs in the country such as Return Talent, Horizontal Technical Cooperation on Skilled Human Resources, Technical Support and Selective Migration, Assistance Program for Scholars and Integrated Experts Programme. Also, in order to provide humanitarian assistance to people affected by the civil war that the country experienced in the late eighties, IOM assisted in mobilizing approximately 25,000 Salvadorans through humanitarian resettlement programs mainly to countries like Canada, Australia and Sweden in the period between1983- 2003.