Date Publish: 
Friday, July 31, 2015

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) completed a training program aimed at El Salvador’s consular network in Mexico and the United States which sought to strengthen capacities, share techniques and knowledge that would contribute to the protection of vulnerable migrants.

The trainings, which were offered simultaneously in Monterrey and Veracruz, Mexico, included six modules on theoretical, statistical and practical elements as well as intervention tools for assistance, care, screening and protection of Salvadorans abroad with emphasis on victims of violations of their fundamental rights.

Mexico is one of the most dynamic global migration corridors as it borders with the United States, one of the main countries of destination on the planet. Although it’s difficult to quantify, the National Migration Institute (INM) in Mexico estimated that, per year, there are around 140,000 irregular migrants that enter Aztec lands, mainly from Central America. The countries that have the highest migrant emissions in the region are El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras.

More and more, on route to the north of the continent, the irregular migrant population has been forced to travel through isolated areas where they are exposed to attacks by criminals. The main routes used are Chiapas and Tabasco, in Mexico, and the Pacific route on the border with the United States allowing them to enter through Arizona. Therefore, IOM conducted the trainings to staff placed in the consulates of Tapachula, Veracruz, Monterrey, Acayucan, Arriaga, Tenosique and the Federal District of Mexico; as well as McAllen, Houston, Los Angeles and Tucson, in the United States.

The subjects studied with Salvadoran officials included an analysis of immigration laws and regulations on Human Rights existing in Mexico and the United States; observation techniques, analysis and documentation of cases of serious crimes; identification of profiles of victims and perpetrators; psychosocial profile of the migrant in transit; Psychological First Aid (PAP) and an introduction to international protection and International Refugee Law.

The training was provided by staff from IOM as well as from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the Foundation for Access to Justice and Democratic State of Mexico, and the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team (EAAF).These teachings are given under the project called Migration Flows of Salvadorans to the United States of America, sponsored by IOM's Fund for Development, with which the consular network’s work is strengthened for the protection for migrants.

Earlier this month, and as part of the efforts to promote a more humane and orderly migration for the benefit of mobile populations, IOM donated computer equipment to this consular network in order to contribute to the documentation of cases of violations of human rights of irregular migrants.

For more information, please contact: Alba Miriam Amaya, IOM El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras at: [email protected]