MORE THAN THREE THOUSAND GUATEMALAN FAMILIES PARTICIPATE IN IOM’S SURVEY
More than three thousand families, from 170 Guatemalan municipalities, will be interviewed through the National Survey on Migration and Remittances 2016, executed by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in order to get the profile of the migrants abroad; the characteristics of the returned population; the volume, destiny and major investments made with remittances, among others.
The survey, which will have a focus on gender and multiculturalism, will cover both urban and rural families in the municipalities with the highest international migration. IOM’s Chief of Mission to El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, Jorge Peraza Breedy, said that the involvement of local authorities and government, as well as the openness of the families interviewed, are essential for this activity.
"The information provided to us will allow Guatemala to have reliable data for decision-making and for the implementation of programs and initiatives that would benefit the migrants abroad and their families in the communities of origin”, said Peraza Breedy.
The instrument used for the interviews was validated by IOM in coordination with government institutions involved in the issue, academia and civil society organizations. As a result, a specific section to address migration and climate change was included.
Information provided to IOM by the families will be treated with confidentiality and only be used for statistical purposes. It is expected that the results will contribute to a better understanding of the dynamics of migration, to help migrants to make informed decisions and to aid their relatives to optimize the investment of the remittances.
Studies on remittances made by IOM in previous years have contributed to Accounts System of the Bank of Guatemala (BANGUAT), and also evidenced the behaviour of the feminization of migration, and provided an estimate on the investment made, by the families, in health and education.
It has also identified the migratory behaviour that occurs when there are natural disasters in the country, and how remittances contribute in times of crisis.
The last two studies on remittances, made by IOM with the support of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in 2009 and 2010, highlighted the problems of children affected by international migration, especially those who travel irregularly and unaccompanied. The studies also identified the situations that children experience when they stay in the country of origin, without the protection of adults.
According to BANGUAT´s projections, by the end of 2016, the income of family remittances in Guatemala will total USD $ 7.39 billion, which represents an approximate increase of 12%.
The statistics of this entity revealed that, between 2010 and 2015, there was an increase of 52.22% in the income from remittances to the country, registering the first year USD $ 4, 126 billion, while in 2015, it increased to USD $ 6,284 billion.
With this initiative, IOM also supports the guarantee and compliance of the people’s right to have access to reliable and updated information. The study will also contribute to make informed decisions in the fields of socio-economic and cultural rights in Guatemala.
For more information contact Melissa Vega, IOM Guatemala, Email: [email protected] Tel (502) 2414-7405